As we move into the main body of the letter, Jude describes the false teachers through the lens of a series of types from the OT and Jewish literature (5-16). The types occur in groups of three, and are followed by a direct correlation to the false teachers using the word “these.”
One of the pressing issues that these verses raise is Jude’s use of non-canonical Jewish literature. He uses material from 1 Enoch and Testament of Moses as part of his typological depiction of the false teachers. Yet his use of these sources does not automatically indicate he viewed them as Scripture; it simply means he believed that the sections he uses communicated true things.
Interested in learning more? You can listen to the audio below and follow along with the handout.